All humans have an endocannabinoid system (ECS) with receptors throughout our entire body. This system regulates many physiological processes that keep us healthy. Our bodies make our own cannabinoids to maintain metabolic homeostasis at the cellular level.
Our bodies have two types of endocannabinoid receptors: CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are found predominantly in the central nervous system and CB2 receptors are mostly found in immune cells in the PNS or Peripheral Nervous System. THC mainly attaches to CB1 receptors, which primarily exist in the brain and spinal cord. This is why THC has psychoactive effects on the brain. CBD affect the CB2 receptors which are mainly found in the immune system and do not get you “high” when activated. This is why CBD is being studied for its potential in treating chronic inflammation, anxiety, insomnia and pain.
Modern life often exposes us to environmental toxins and stresses that can be unhealthy and debilitating in the long run. As a result, researchers theorize that many of us may suffer from an endocannabinoid imbalance leading to chronic issues with our health.
The cannabis plant contains cannabinoids that are efficiently utilized by our body’s endocannabinoid receptors. Supplementing with cannabinoids may give our system the boost it needs to bring functions back into balance. Researchers believe that this is why supplementing with cannabinoids can positively affect our body and overall health in so many different capacities.Though the ECS system is complex, researchers believe that CBD may prevent endocannabinoids from breaking down, enabling them to be more effective. Scientists have discovered over 100 different cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. We are only just beginning to understand the therapeutic benefits cannabinoids provide.